Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Psychosocial Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia and Their Families

1.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Division of Developmental Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 621-629
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.22096
Read: 83 Downloads: 115 Published: 01 November 2022

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the psychosocial impact of the pandemic in pediatric patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their families and whether congenital adrenal hyperplasia imposes an additional burden compared to other endocrine disorders.

Materials and Methods: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (n = 38) and congenital hypothyroidism (n = 41) and their families were enrolled in the prospective longitudinal survey study. Questionnaires that were completed remotely in June 2020 and in July 2021 included Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form, The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, and purpose-built daily routine, parent, and child COVID information scores, factors affecting drug usage, and parents’ thoughts about the pandemic. At the end of 1 year, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children were repeated in the congenital adrenal hyperplasia group and they were questioned about the incidence and severity of coronavirus infection.

Results: Median Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children scores were similar between the congenital adrenal hyperplasia and congenital hypothyroidism groups. In the congenital adrenal hyperplasia group, median purpose-built daily routine was higher in those who had a State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children-State score above the threshold (P = .048), also Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form-Depression, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form-Anxiety, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form-Stress, Parent COVID Information Score were higher among parents who followed news/data because of chronic diseases/medications of the child (P = .010, P = .034, P = .044, P = .045, respectively), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children-State was higher among parents who believed “having chronic diseases” and “using medications” increase the risk of COVID-19 infection (P = .011, P = .016, respectively). In the second survey, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children-State, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form-Anxiety, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form-Stress decreased significantly (P < .01, P = .009, P = .008, respectively). Three patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia who reported positive nasopharyngeal swab tests revealed mild symptoms.

Conclusion: The pandemic has negative consequences on the mental well-being of individuals with chronic diseases, albeit from different causes.

Cite this article as: Çelik NB, Ünsal Y, Canoruç Emet D, et al. Psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their families. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(6):621-629.

Files
EISSN 2757-6256