Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Review

Artificial Intelligence in Pediatrics: Learning to Walk Together

1.

İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

4.

Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2024; 59: 121-130
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2024.24002
Read: 905 Downloads: 300 Published: 01 March 2024

In this era of rapidly advancing technology, artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative force, even being called the Fourth Industrial Revolution, along with gene editing and robotics. While it has undoubtedly become an increasingly important part of our daily lives, it must be recognized that it is not an additional tool, but rather a complex concept that poses a variety of challenges. AI, with considerable potential, has found its place in both medical care and clinical research. Within the vast field of pediatrics, it stands out as a particularly promising advancement. As pediatricians, we are indeed witnessing the impactful integration of AI-based applications into our daily clinical practice and research efforts. These tools are being used for simple to more complex tasks such as diagnosing clinically challenging conditions, predicting disease outcomes, creating treatment plans, educating both patients and healthcare professionals, and generating accurate medical records or scientific papers. In conclusion, the multifaceted applications of AI in pediatrics will increase efficiency and improve the quality of healthcare and research. However, there are certain risks and threats accompanying this advancement including the biases that may contribute to health disparities and, inaccuracies. Therefore, it is crucial to recognize and address the technical, ethical, and legal challenges as well as explore the benefits in both clinical and research fields.

Cite this article as: Demirbaş KC, Yıldız M, Saygılı S, Canpolat N, Kasapçopur Ö. Artificial intelligence in pediatrics: Learning to walk together. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2024;59(2):121-130

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