Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Comparison of the Efficacies of High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy and Non-invasive Nasal Cannula Ventilation in Preventing Intubation

1.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Göztepe Prof Dr Süleyman Yalçın City Hospital, İstanbul Medeniyet University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatrics, Bağcılar Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Mardin Research and Training Hospital, Mardin, Turkey

4.

Doğubeyazıt Dr Yaşar Eryılmaz State Hospital, Ağrı, Turkey

5.

Antalya Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Antalya, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2024; 59: 214-220
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2024.23301
Read: 268 Downloads: 109 Published: 01 March 2024

Objective: This study aimed to compare high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (nc-HFOT) and non-invasive nasal cannula ventilation (nc-NIV) in terms of intubation requirements.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted retrospectively on cases followed up in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) between October 2019 and December 2021.

Results: Of all cases, 43 (55.8%) were male, and the median age was 16 months. The median PRISM-3 score for all cases was 2.5 (range: 0-3). Among the cases 45 cases (58.4%) received nc-HFOT treatment, and 32 cases (41.6%) received nc-NIV treatment. The median duration of respiratory support for all cases was 2 days, and 14 cases (18.2%) needed intubation. The median PICU stay day for all cases was 7 days, and the median hospital stay day was 11 days. The median age, PICU, and hospital stay days of the nc-NIV group were significantly higher (P < .05). In the logistic regression analysis, the probability of requiring intubation in cases initially nc-NIV was performed was found to be 4.95 times higher than those using nc-HFOT (OR: 4.95, 95% CI: 1.3-18.8, P = 0.01). Additionally, cases with underlying chronic diseases were found to have a 5.9 times increased likelihood of requiring intubation compared to those without (OR: 5.9, 95% CI: 1.41-24.5, P = .01). Five cases (6.5%) were lost during intensive care stay.

Conclusion: The application of nc-NIV increases intubation by 4.95 times compared to the application of nc-HFOT. The intubation rate in cases with underlying chronic diseases is also 5.9 times higher than those without.

Cite this article as: Koçoğlu Barlas Ü, Özel A, Tosun V, Ufuk Bozkurt E, Serdar Kıhtır H. Comparison of the efficacies of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy and non-invasive nasal cannula ventilation in preventing intubation. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2024;59(2):214-220.

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