Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Pediatric Kidney Transplant Recipients

1.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, İstanbul Medipol University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

4.

Department of Pediatrics, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

5.

Department of Pediatric Urology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2023; 58: 220-225
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2023.22310
Read: 923 Downloads: 454 Published: 01 March 2023

Objective: There is an increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome among kidney transplant recipients, which adversely affects cardiovascular and renal outcomes in these patients. The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in pediatric kidney transplant recipients and the associations of metabolic syndrome with cardiovascular disease and graft function.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, single-center study included 52 kidney transplant recipients (27 males) transplanted before 18 years of age. All subjects underwent a comprehensive assessment that included anthropometric and blood pressure measurements and laboratory tests. Metabolic syndrome was defined based on the recent recommendations of the Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce. Left ventricular hypertrophy was assessed as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and estimated glomerular filtration rate was assessed to determine graft function.

Results: The median age of patients was 15.9 (13.8;18.4) years, and the median follow-up time was 35.5 (20.0;62;0) months after transplantation. Nineteen patients (36.5%) were obese or overweight, 43 (83%) had hypertension or controlled hypertension, 23 (44%) had dyslipidemia, and 9 (17%) had hyperglycemia. Ten patients (19.2%) were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Twenty-eight patients (54%) had left ventricular hypertrophy. The prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy was higher in patients with metabolic syndrome than in those without metabolic syndrome (90% vs. 45%, P = .014), whereas estimated glomerular filtration rate did not differ between the 2 groups.

Conclusion: Cardiometabolic risk factors are common in pediatric kidney transplant recipients. Approximately one-fifth of patients have metabolic syndrome, and left ventricular hypertrophy is much more common among patients with metabolic syndrome. However, there is no relationship between metabolic syndrome and graft dysfunction.

Cite this article as: Saygılı SK, Karabağ Yılmaz E, Kezer S, et al. Cardiometabolic risk factors in pediatric kidney transplant recipients. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2023;58(2):220-225.

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