Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Use of Therapeutic Plasma Exchange in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

1.

Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Divison of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 186-192
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.21209
Read: 1388 Downloads: 422 Published: 01 March 2022

Objective: Therapeutic plasma exchange has been used as a primary or supportive treatment in many diseases in recent years and has achieved satisfactory results in lots of diseases in children. Therapeutic plasma exchange procedure is changing plasma component of a patient's blood with the new plasma as a replacement solution. The aim of this study is to share our experience of therapeutic plasma exchange on varying indications in critically ill children who were accepted to our pediatric intensive care unit.

Materials and Methods: We conducted this study between December 2010 and February 2020, retrospectively. Patients’ data such as age, sex, indication, number of sessions, vascular access route, and type of replacement fluid used were obtained from medical records. Indications for therapeutic plasma exchange were classified according to the 2019 American Society for Apheresis categorization. The patient’s follow-up, clinical courses, therapeutic plasma exchange season count, complications, and outcome were evaluated according to each indications and their overall condition.

Results: This study included a total of the 84 patients who underwent therapeutic plasma exchange, and their median (minimum-maximum) ages were 7.07 years (0.2-18), 57.1% were male (n = 48) and 42.9% were female (n = 36). A total of 463 sessions of therapeutic plasma exchange were performed in 84 patients. The most common indication was thrombocytopenia-associated multi-organ failure with sepsis (40.4%, n = 34) followed by liver failure/hepatic encephalopathy (28.5%, n = 24) and autoimmune encephalitis (9.5%, n = 8), and according to The American Society for Apheresis 2019 category, patients distributions were as follows: 15.4% of the patients were placed in category 1 (n = 13), 5.9% in category 2 (n = 5), 77.3% in category 3 (n = 65), and 1.1% in category 4 (n = 1). Therapeutic plasma exchange was combined to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in 10 patients (11.9%) and continuous renal replacement therapies in 39 (46.4%) patients. Finally, the survival rate was 50% in all patients, and the lowest survival rate was 41.5% (n = 27) in category 3 group.

Conclusion: Therapeutic plasma exchange is enlarging to varying indications and showing to be more effective on a lot of disorders in children. Also, it is available in pediatric age groups and in different states like combined with other extracorporeal therapies.

Cite this article as: Gökcan Öztürk A, Erva Küçük Z, Özcan S, et al. Use of therapeutic plasma exchange in the pediatric intensive care unit. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(2):186-192.

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