Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

The Examination of the Relationship Between COVID-19 and New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Children

1.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine Antalya, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine Antalya, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 222-227
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.21284
Read: 1440 Downloads: 491 Published: 01 March 2022

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate presentations of new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus in a pediatric cohort during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Materials and Methods: This study was designed as a single-center, descriptive, cross-sectional retrospective study. The patients diagnosed with new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus between April 1, 2020, and April 1, 2021, were included in the study. The rate of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 polymerase chain reactivity-positivity was investigated. The pandemic period was compared with the same period of the pre-pandemic 2 years in terms of number of new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus patients, rate of presentation with diabetic ketoacidosis, and degree of diabetic ketoacidosis severity.

Results: In total, 56 patients were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus during the pandemic and 2 (3.57%) of them tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 polymerase chain reaction. The number of new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus patients was 39 in 2019 and 39 in 2018. The rate of presentation with diabetic ketoacidosis was similar in the pandemic period compared to the pre-pandemic periods (53.5% in 2020 vs. 56.4% in 2019 and 53.8% in 2018; P = .94). The proportion of severe diabetic ketoacidosis was also similar in all years, respectively (43.3% in 2020 vs. 45.4% in 2019 and 47.6% in 2018; P = .95).

Conclusion: We reported only 2 cases that tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2among the new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus patients during the pandemic. Although we found an increase in the number of new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus cases by comparing with prepandemic period, rates of diabetic ketoacidosis and severe diabetic ketoacidosis were similar. There was no finding to suggest that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2taking a part in type 1 diabetes mellitus pathogenesis. Since the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus is a long process, prospective studies are needed to investigate the long-term effects of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.

Cite this article as: Donbaloğlu Z, Tuhan H, Tural Kara T, et al. The examination of the relationship between COVID-19 and new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus in children. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(2):222-227.

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