Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 in Children: A Single-Center Experience

1.

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Genetics, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56: 339-343
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.20165
Read: 92 Downloads: 37 Published: 30 June 2021

Objective: Neurofibromatosis (NF) is the most common autosomal dominantly inherited neurocutaneous syndrome. The characteristic features of NF type 1 (NF-1) are café au lait spots, axillary and inguinal freckling, peripheral neurofibromas, optic pathway glioma, and Lisch nodules. The present study aimed to analyze the clinical features of children with NF-1.

Materials and Methods: In this study, the children with NF-1 diagnosed and followed-up in our center between 2000 and 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. Demographic and clinical features of patients were defined.

Results: The study group consisted of 52 patients. Of those, 25 were boys and 27 were girls. The children’s median age at diagnosis was 5.9 years (1-15.8). Café au lait (CAL) spots and axillary/ inguinal freckling were observed in 50 and 24 patients, respectively. Neurofibroma was present in 22 cases. Ten of the cohort had optic gliomas, and 39 of them had cranial hamartomas. Orthopedic complications such as scoliosis, tibial pseudoarthrosis, and osteoporosis were observed in 13 patients. Eleven children had neurocognitive disorders.

Conclusions: Early diagnosis is important in neurofibromatosis to prevent the complications of the disease. Also, neurological development and secondary malignancy follow-up should be done carefully in this group of patients.

Cite this article as: Kaçar AG, Kılınc Oktay B, Çınar Özel S, et al. Neurofibromatosis type 1 in children: A single-center experience. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2021; 56(4): 339-343.

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