Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Mother’s Nutrition Literacy and Offspring Anemia: A Comparison Study in a Single Center


Department of Pediatrics, Mersin University, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey


Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2023; 58: 638-645
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2023.23119
Read: 1015 Downloads: 257 Published: 31 October 2023

Objective: It is known that mother’s knowledge about nutrition is associated with the prevalence of anemia in their children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of iron deficiency without anemia (ID), iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and anemia in children according to the level of mother’s nutrition literacy (NL).

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a well-child outpatient clinic. The study included healthy children aged between 24 and 59 months and their mothers. Scores of the mothers on the Nutrition Literacy Assessment Tool for Adults and children’s anthropometric z-scores, dietary diversity and Mediterranean Diet Quality Index scores, and children’s hemoglobin and ferritin levels were collected. Two-group comparison analysis was performed.

Results: Ninety mother–child pairs were included. While 36 mothers (40%) had borderline and 54 (60%) mothers had adequate NL, 15 children (16.7%) had ID, 5 (5.6%) children had IDA, and a total of 18 children (20%) had nutritional anemia. The percentage of wasted children was higher in the group with borderline NL (13.9% vs. 1.9%, P = .036). The percentage of children with ID, IDA, or other nutritional anemia was not different between the borderline and adequate NL groups (30.6% vs. 40.7%, P = .326).

Conclusion: The frequency of ID, IDA, or other nutritional anemia in children does not differ significantly between mothers with borderline and adequate NL. Increasing NL of mothers could be a step toward reducing the burden of child undernutrition.

Cite this article as: Tezol Ö, Mammadova S. Mother’s nutrition literacy and offspring anemia: A comparison study in a single center. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2023;58(6):638-645.

EISSN 2757-6256