Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Mental and Psychosomatic Effects of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic on Adolescents: A Validation Study

1.

Department of Pediatric Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Diseases, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Biostatistics, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2024; 59: 60-69
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2024.23110
Read: 223 Downloads: 79 Published: 02 January 2024

Objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had detrimental impacts on both physical and mental health worldwide. In addition to the behavioral effects, it has caused a range of psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, and anger. Fear and stress have been particularly prevalent in individuals. This study aims to assess the psychometric properties of the Scale for the Evaluation of Mental and Psychosomatic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic (COVID-19 PRPEDS) on adolescents and explore the pandemic's psychosomatic effects.

Materials and Methods: A total of 503 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years who continue their high school education constituted the study population. The COVID-19 PRPEDS comprising 18 items and 2 subscales (Mental Effects, Psychosomatic Effects), was used in adolescents. The forms were delivered to the students via the Internet, and in addition to the scale, the age and sex of the adolescents were recorded.

Results: A majority of the participants (96.6%, n = 486) had knowledge about COVID-19, 93.8% (n = 472) could differentiate COVID-19 from other diseases, 96.6% (n = 486) were able to explain the transmission ways of COVID-19 and 96% (n = 483) took the necessary precautions to protect themselves from COVID-19. The COVID-19 PRPEDS scores of males were higher than females. The study validation index was above 0.9, which is considered to be acceptable for adolescents.

Conclusions: Like in the other pandemics, adolescents experienced serious mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to its psychosomatic effects, the mental issues related to the pandemic were more common in male adolescents.

Cite this article as: İnce G, Üzüm Ö, Eliaçik K, Kanık A, Emir B, Helvacı M. Mental and psychosomatic effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on adolescents: A validation study. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2024;59(1):60-69.

Files
EISSN 2757-6256