Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Maternal Inborn Errors of Metabolism Detected in Expanded Newborn Metabolic Screening

1.

Department of Pediatrics, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Division of Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Division of Medical Laboratory Techniques, Department of Medical Documentation and Techniques, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, The Vocational School of Health Services, İstanbul, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2023; 58: 382-387
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2023.23009
Read: 676 Downloads: 262 Published: 01 July 2023

Objective: Pathologic results in expanded metabolic screening tests may be due to the medications, inappropriate sampling methods, or the maternal originated inborn errors of metabolism. The aim of this study is to identify mothers with inborn errors of metabolism through the pathologic expanded metabolic screening results of their babies.

Materials and Methods: Babies who were under 1 year of age and had a pathologic result of an expanded newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism and their mothers were included in this retrospective single-centered study. Data of expanded metabolic screening results of both babies and their mothers were recorded. Clinical and laboratory findings relevant to suspected inborn errors of metabolism due to the pathologic screening results analysis were also noted for the mothers.

Results: Seventeen babies and their mothers were enrolled. Expanded metabolic screening results were found compatible with inborn errors of metabolism in 4 (23.5%) of 17 mothers. Two of these mothers were diagnosed with 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency and 2 mothers were diagnosed with glutaric aciduria type 1.

Conclusion: Inborn errors of metabolism can present in any period of life, and this is the first study to address the importance of metabolic screening via tandem mass spectrometry in terms of early diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism not only in pediatric aged patients but also in adulthood in Turkey. The performance of expanded metabolic screening tests may be an important step in terms of detecting maternal inborn errors of metabolism that are not diagnosed until adulthood.

Cite this article as: Tin O, Zübarioğlu T, Cansever MŞ, Kıykım E, Aktuğlu-Zeybek C. Maternal inborn errors of metabolism detected in expanded newborn metabolic screening. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2023;58(4):382-387.

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