Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Gilbert Syndrome and Genetic Findings in Children: A Tertiary-Center Experience from Turkey

1.

İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Departments of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, İzmir, Turkey

2.

SBU Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Departments of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, İzmir, Turkey

3.

SBU Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Genetic Diagnosis Center, İzmir, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 295-299
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.21291
Read: 101 Downloads: 84 Published: 30 April 2022

Objective: Gilbert syndrome (GS) is a disease characterized by mildly elevated indirect serum bilirubin levels due to mutation in the promoter of the UGT1A1 gene, which causes a decrease in uridine diphosphate glucuronyltransferase enzyme activity. Gilbert syndrome should be considered based on clinical and laboratory findings in differential diagnosis, which can be supported by genetic analysis. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical findings and UGT1A1 mutations of children with Gilbert syndrome.

Materials and Methods: Patients who were admitted to the pediatric gastroenterology clinic and who were considered to have Gilbert syndrome based on clinical and laboratory findings were included in the study. The UGT1A1 analysis was performed by Sanger sequence analysis.

Results: A total of 56 children were included in the study. A(TA)7TAA, A(TA)6TAA, and (TA)6/7 allele promoter polymorphism was detected in 75.5%, 22.5%, and 2% of the patients, respectively. Other than these, in 3 patients, 3 different sequence variants associated with GS [c.880_893delinsA (p.Tyr294MetfsTer69) and c.1091C>T(p.Pro365Leu)] were detected.

Conclusion: We detected 7 TA repeats in the majority of our patients. A mild bilirubin elevation was determined in cases with 6 repetitions that were not considered risky for Gilbert syndrome. We concluded that the c.880_893delinsA (p.Tyr294MetfsTer69) variant, previously shown to be associated with Crigler–Najjar syndrome type I, may also be associated with partial enzyme deficiency leading to the Gilbert syndrome phenotype.

Cite this article as: Çağan Appak Y, Aksoy B, Özyılmaz B, Reşid Özdemir T, Baran M. Gilbert syndrome and genetic findings in children: A tertiary-center experience from Turkey. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(3):295-299.

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