Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation after Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: A Single-Center Experience

1.

Division of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye

2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye

3.

Department of Children’s Anaesthesia, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye

4.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye

Turk Arch Pediatr 2024; 59: 358-363
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2024.23291
Read: 335 Downloads: 74 Published: 01 July 2024

Objective: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving treatment option providing cardiopulmonary support when standard therapies prove insufficient for reversible diseases. The mean objective of this study was to evaluate our center’s experience with ECMO following pediatric cardiac surgery.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) between November 2014 and March 2021 and included patients who received ECMO following cardiac surgery.

Results: Over the 7-year period, 324 patients underwent cardiac surgery, of which 24 (7.4%) required ECMO support. Among them, 13 (54.2%) were female, with a median age of 16.0 (2.0- 208) months and a median weight of 7.0 (3.5-70) kg. The mean vasoactive inotrope score (VIS) was 53.9 ± 44.5. Atrioventricular septal defect repair was the most common surgical procedure (n = 8/24, 41.6%). The primary indication for ECMO was low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) in 14 (58.3%) patients. The median duration of ECMO support was 6.0 (1.0-46.0) days. Nonsurvivors had significantly higher Pediatric Risk Score of Mortality (PRISM) III scores (P = .014) and VIS scores during the pre-ECMO period (P = .004). Early or late neurological complications developed in 12 (50%) patients, with significant differences in lactate levels and pH levels preECMO between those with and without neurological complications (P = .01, P = .02, respectively). We successfully decannulated 16 (66.6%) patients, with a final survival rate of 12 (50%).

Conclusion: ECMO plays a crucial role in providing pre- and post-cardiac surgery support for children. LCOS remains the main indication, and high PRISM III and VIS scores are valuable predictors of outcomes.

Cite this article as: Botan E, Durak Aslan A, Gün E, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after pediatric cardiac surgery: A single-center experience. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2024;59(4):358-363.

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