Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Evaluation of Hematological Parameters of Children Diagnosed with COVID-19: Single-Center Experience

1.

Department of Pediatric Hematology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56: 463-468
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.21076
Read: 84 Downloads: 37 Published: 01 September 2021

Objective: Although many pediatric studies on children infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been published, the diagnosis, clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, and treatment of COVID-19 in children are still unclear.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted with an aim to examine the hematological findings of symptomatic pediatric patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in May 2020 at the Pandemic Hospital in Dicle University. Patient records were evaluated retrospectively. This study involved 59 symptomatic pediatric patients with a definite diagnosis of COVID-19 who had positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test results on nasopharyngeal swab between March 15, 2020 and May 31, 2020.

Results: The records of a total of 10 (16.9%) patients under the age of 1; 21 (35.6%) patients aged 1-10 years, and, 28 (47.5%) patients aged 10-18 years, who had been diagnosed with COVID-19 were evaluated. Based on severity, 35 (59.3%) patients were in the mild group (group 1) and 24 (40.7%) patients were in the moderate-severe group (group 2). The blood parameters of WBC, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, and thrombocyte counts, the hemoglobin (Hgb) level, and NLR, PLR, MPV, fibrinogen, ferritin, and D-dimer levels were compared between groups, the difference was not statistically significant (P > .05). LDH was higher in group 2 (P = .014).

Conclusion: Since children infected with COVID-19 show mild clinical symptoms or are asymptomatic, fewer pediatric patients may be detected than adults. Therefore, it should be known that the laboratory findings typical for adults may not accompany the disease in pediatric cases. More studies are needed to determine the most appropriate COVID-19 treatment approach for children, as hospitalization history and testing rates are less reported among children.

Cite this article as: Üzel VH, Yılmaz K, Şen V, et al. Evaluation of hematological parameters of children diagnosed with COVID-19: Single-center experience. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2021; 56(5): 463-468.

Files
EISSN 2757-6256