Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Effects of Long-Term Pamidronate Treatment on Bone Density and Fracture Rate in 65 Osteogenesis Imperfecta Patients

1.

Department of Pediatric Genetics, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Baltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56: 474-478
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.21077
Read: 58 Downloads: 24 Published: 01 September 2021

Objective: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by recurrent fractures, blue sclera, and hearing loss. Bisphosphonate treatment has been reported to decrease the annual number of fractures and improve the quality of life in patients with OI. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of bisphosphonate treatment in the Turkish OI cohort.

Methods: Sixty-five patients with OI, who were treated with pamidronate, were included in this study. The mean treatment duration was 47.1 ± 40 months (range:12-168 months). Bone mineral densitometry (BMD) and the mean number of annual fractures were compared before and after the treatment within groups, and the difference after treatment compared between the OI types.

Results: After pamidronate treatment, a significant decrease in the mean annual fracture, along with an increase in BMD Z-score was detected in all patients. Treatment duration did not affect BMD Z-score. However, there was a significant decrease in the mean annual number of fractures after 5 years of treatment (P = .048). After treatment, the decrease in the number of fractures was significant in OI type 3, and the increase in BMD Z-score was significant in OI type 4 when compared with OI type 1. Besides, pamidronate treatment relieved pain, and also corrected the platyspondyly radiologically in all OI groups.

Conclusion: We demonstrated that pamidronate treatment improves the quality of life by reducing the number of fractures, relieving pain, and also protecting from deformities in all patients with OI.

Cite this article as: Yazan H, Güneş N, Akpınar E, et al. Effects of long-term pamidronate treatment on bone density and fracture rate in 65 osteogenesis imperfecta patients. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2021; 56(5): 474-478.

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