Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Acute Pancreatitis and Acute Recurrent Pancreatitis in Children: Imaging Findings and Outcomes

1.

Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2023; 58: 89-97
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.22130
Read: 93 Downloads: 24 Published: 01 January 2023

Objective: The prevalence of acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis in children has increased over the years, and there are limited data about imaging findings. This study aimed to reveal the imaging findings of acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis in children at a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: The patients with acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2018 were included. Demographic and clinical features, follow-up period, and interventions were noted. Imaging features were evaluated for pancreatic enlargement, peripancreatic fluid, and biliary ducts for initial examination and pancreas parenchymal necrosis, peripancreatic collection, walled-off necrosis, pseudocyst, parenchymal atrophy, and biliary ductal dilatation for follow-up.

Results: The study included 74 patients with a mean age of 9 ± 4.9 years. The most common causes of acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis were biliary tract anomalies (n = 21), biliary ductal stones (n = 9), and cystic fibrosis (n = 8). Findings consistent with acute pancreatitis were determined by ultrasound in 40.5% (n = 30/74), whereas by magnetic resonance imaging in 60% (n = 39/65). Forty-one percent of the patients (n = 16) with positive magnetic resonance imaging findings did not show any findings on ultrasound. Acute recurrent pancreatitis was seen in 32 patients (43.2%). Follow-up imaging was performed in 55 patients (74.3%) between 2 months and 11 years. At follow-up, 8 patients had peripancreatic collections (6 walled-off necrosis and 2 pseudocysts).

Conclusion: Recognizing the imaging findings of acute pancreatitis and its complications is crucial. Magnetic resonance imaging should be preferred as a second option following ultrasound, with the advantages of biliary ductal system delineation and better characterization of complications.

Cite this article as: Ayaz E, Özcan HN, Hızarcıoğlu Gülşen H, et al. Acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis in children: Imaging findings and outcomes. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2023;58(1):89-97.

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