Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

A Long-Term Outcome of the Patients with Sacrococcygeal Teratoma: A Bosnian Cohort

1.

Clinic of Pediatric Surgery, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

2.

Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

3.

College of Medicine, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar

Turk Arch Pediatr 2023; 58: 168-173
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2023.22268
Read: 1097 Downloads: 282 Published: 01 March 2023

Objective: Sacrococcygeal teratoma is an extragonadal germ cell tumor that develops during fetal and neonatal periods and is associated with significant perinatal morbidity and even mortality. This study aimed to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics, the clinical outcomes, and postoperative complications of sacrococcygeal teratoma cases in the low-volume pediatric surgery service in a developing country.

Materials and Methods: The study included data from all sacrococcygeal teratoma cases diagnosed from 2011 to 2020. All the relevant clinicopathologic data were recorded and analyzed.

Results: A total of 7 pediatric (5 females and 2 males) patients with sacrococcygeal teratoma were identified, ranging in age from 3 to 222 days. A prenatal diagnosis was made in 57.1% of cases. The mean gestational age for all cases was 37.1 weeks (34-38 weeks), and the mean birth weight was 3285 g (range, 2300-4700 g). Preoperative alpha-fetoprotein levels had a mean value of 24.327 ng/mL (range, 649.7-110.600 ng/mL). The surgery involved resection of the primary tumor and coccygectomy in all cases. Three (42.9%) tumors were classified as Altman type II lesions, 2 (28.6%) tumors were type IV, and 2 remaining cases were types I and III, respectively. Histology was benign in 4 (57.1%) and immature in 3 patients (42.9%). The mean follow-up time was 101.4 months (30-146 months), with 2 recurrences of high-grade immature teratomas at 11 and 30 months following the surgery. Three patients had postoperative bladder and rectal dysfunctions.

Conclusion: Sacrococcygeal teratomas are rare tumors associated with frequent postoperative dysfunctions. Recurrences may also be seen, particularly in immature, high-grade forms of sacrococcygeal teratomas.

Cite this article as: Zvizdic Z, Jonuzi A, Milisic E, Hadzimehmedagic A, Vranic S. A long-term outcome of the patients with sacrococcygeal teratoma: A Bosnian cohort. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2023;58(2):168-173.

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